Chaga Superfood is one of the highest food
antioxidants in the world!
Chaga (Scientific Name: Inonotus Obliquus)
Chaga is the most powerful sought after mushroom on
earth. It’s one of the highest, if not the highest,
antioxidants in the world and it’s documented
extensively for having numerous health benefits, but
it’s publicized mostly as an anti-cancer.
Antioxidants are substances that protect cells from
the damage caused by unstable molecules known as
free radicals. Free radical damage can lead to
cancer. Antioxidants interact with and stabilize
free radicals and prevent some of the damage free
radicals might otherwise cause. Examples of
antioxidants include beta-carotene, lycopene,
vitamins A, C and E and other substances.
Beta-carotene is found in many foods that are orange
in color, including Chaga.
Betulinic acid, a constituent of Chaga, is cytotoxic
and triggers apoptosis through a direct effect on
the mitochondria of cancer cells. Other
apoptosis-inducing factors result in cleavage of
caspases and nuclear fragmentation. Like many
medicinal mushrooms, Chaga is rich in beta glucans,
which have immunomodulating activities. Beta glucans
bind to Complement Receptor 3 (CR3) that allows the
immune cells to recognize cancer cells as “non-self”
A hot water extract of Chaga exhibited inhibitory
and proapoptotic actions against colon cancer cell
proliferation via up-regulation of Bax and caspase-3
and down-regulation of Bcl-2. For more information
on betulinic acid, please go to our Science &
Research Tab and read the following Elsevier
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters on New
ionic derivatives of betulinic acid as highly potent
anti-cancer agents, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer
Center, and Developing Novel Derivatives of
Betulinic Acid for Fighting HIV.
In addition to being used as an anti-cancer, Chaga
has demonstrated anti-HIV, antibacterial,
anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory and anthelmintic
properties. Chaga is also antiviral, antifungal,
antimicrobial and anti-Candida. Chaga is an immune
system modulator as well as an adaptogen and has the
highest level of superoxide dismutase or (SOD)
detected in any food or herb in the world.
In 2005, published in The Pharmacological Potential
of Mushrooms by Ulrike Lindequist et al.,
Water-soluble lignins isolated from Chaga, inhibited
HIV protease with an IC 50 value of 2.5 mg ml_1. .
Immunostimulation, other effects of the
polysaccharide–protein complexes contribute to the
antiviral activity, e.g. inhibition of binding of
HIV-1 gp120 to immobilized CD4 receptor and of
reverse transcriptase activity of viruses.
Inhibition of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase was caused
by velutin, a ribosome inactivating protein from
Flammulina velutipes (M. A. Curtis: Fr.) P. Karst.,
as well. A total of 85% of responders reported an
increased sense of well-being with regard to various
symptoms and secondary diseases caused by HIV.
Twenty patients showed an increase in CD4þ cell
counts to 1.4–1.8 times and eight patients a
decrease to 0.8–0.5 times.
Chaga kills or inhibits growth or replication by
destroying or suppressing reproduction of bacteria.
The following are some properties in Chaga that are
antibacterial: Betulinic Acid, copper, flavonoids,
inotodiol, lanosterol, magnesium, melanin,
pantothenic acid, phytonutrients, polysaccharides,
saponins, selenium, sterols, tripeptides,
triterpenes and zinc.
There are many active constituents in Chaga that
make it antimalarial, but the main biological
activities are betulinic acid, saponins and
The anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties
of Chaga are thought to be the inhibition of nitric
oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2).
An extract of Chaga reduced the oxidative stress in
lymphocytes from patients with inflammatory bowel
There are many active constituents in Chaga that
make it anthelmintic, but the main biological
activities are betulinic acid, saponins and
There are many active constituents in Chaga that
make it antiviral, but the main biological
activities are betulinic acid, saponins and
The following properties make Chaga an antifungal:
beta glucans, betulinic acid, copper, enzymes,
flavonoids, lanosterol, manganese, magnesium,
pantothenic acid, phenols, polysaccharides, saponins,
selenium, sterols, trametenolic acid, triterpenes,
triterpenoids and zinc.
Antimicrobial properties in Chaga are amino acids,
betulinic acid, chitin, copper, enzymes, flavonoids,
inotodiols, lanosterol, manganese, magnesium,
melanin, phenols, phytonutrients, polysaccharides,
potassium, saponins, selenium, sterols, trametenolic
acid, tripeptides, triterpenes, triterpenoids,
vanillin and zinc.
Chaga promotes and protects the functions of the
liver which busily processes Candida toxins.
Chaga has properties that help to lower cholesterol,
inflammation and blood pressure levels through
sterols and triterpenes. Chaga contains B and D
vitamins and lots of protein which promote relief
from stress, depression and fatigue which Candida
sufferers deal with.
Immune System Modulator
Chaga has potent immune supporting properties. Chaga
is a rich source of beta glucans, and
polysaccharides that are essential nutrients for the
immune system. These polysaccharides have strong
anti-inflammatory and immune balancing properties,
enhancing the body’s ability to produce natural
killer (NK) cells to battle infections. These
polysaccharides are considered to be the primary
active constituents of Chaga, at least from an
immunological perspective. Upon ingestion, a range
of secondary metabolites are produced, many of which
are highly active as potent immune modulators. Chaga
polysaccharides effectively promote macrophage
(white blood cell) activation through the MAPK and
NF-κB signaling pathways, suggesting that Chaga
polysaccharides help regulate the immune response of
Chaga is an adaptogen, which means its compounds
increase the body's ability to adapt to stress,
fatigue, anxiety and changing situations.
Superoxide Dismutase (SOD)
Chaga has the highest level of superoxide dismutase
or (SOD) detected in any food or herb in the world!
Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme that repairs
cells and reduces the damage done to them by
superoxide, the most common free radical in the
body. SOD is found in both the dermis and the
epidermis, and is key to the production of healthy
fibroblasts (skin-building cells).
Studies have shown that SOD acts as both an
antioxidant and anti-inflammatory in the body,
neutralizing the free radicals that can lead to
wrinkles and precancerous cell changes. Researchers
are currently studying the potential of superoxide
dismutase as an anti-aging treatment, since it is
now known that SOD levels drop while free radical
levels increase as we age.
Superoxide Dismutase helps the body use zinc,
copper, and manganese. There are two types of SOD:
copper/zinc (Cu/Zn) SOD and manganese (Mn) SOD. Each
type of SOD plays a different role in keeping cells
healthy. Cu/Zn SOD protects the cells’ cytoplasm,
and Mn SOD protects their mitochondria from free
Superoxide Dismutase has also been used to treat
arthritis, prostate problems, corneal ulcers, burn
injuries, inflammatory diseases, inflammatory bowel
disease, and long-term damage from exposure to smoke
and radiation, and to prevent side effects of cancer
drugs. In its topical form, it may help to reduce
facial wrinkles, scar tissue, heal wounds and burns,
lighten dark or hyperpigmentation, and protect
against harmful UV rays.
Active Constituents of Chaga
The active constituents of Chaga are thought to be a
combination of Amino Acids, Beta Glucans, Betulinic
Acid, Calcium, Chloride, Copper, Dietary Fiber,
Enzymes, Flavonoids, Germanium, Inotodiols, Iron,
Lanosterol, Manganese, Magnesium, Melanin,
Pantothenic Acid, Phenols, Phosphorus,
Phytonutrients, Polysaccharides, Potassium, Saponins,
Selenium, Sodium, Sterols, Trametenolic Acid,
Tripeptides, Triterpenes, Triterpenoids, Vanillic
Acid, Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B2
(Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), Vitamin D2 (Ergosterol),
Vitamin K and Zinc.
Amino acids are organic compounds that combine to
form proteins. Amino acids and proteins are the
building blocks of life. When proteins are digested
or broken down, amino acids are left. The human body
needs a number of amino acids to:
• Break down food • Grow • Repair body tissue •
Perform many other body functions
Beta glucans are used for high cholesterol,
diabetes, cancer, and HIV/AIDS. Beta glucans are
also used to boost the immune system in people whose
body defenses have been weakened by conditions such
as chronic fatigue syndrome, or physical and
emotional stress; or by treatments such as radiation
or chemotherapy. Beta glucans are also used for
colds (common cold), flu (influenza), H1N1 (swine)
flu, allergies, hepatitis, Lyme disease, asthma, ear
infections, aging, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's
disease, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, and
Betulinic acid is a natural pentacyclic lupane-type
triterpene that is found in Chaga, as well as other
various plants, including birch trees. This compound
and its derivatives possess many favorable
biological properties such as anti-cancer,
anti-HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus type-1),
antibacterial, anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory, and
anthelmintic activities. Betulinic acid was
initially known for its high cytotoxicity against
human melanoma cancer cells, but later studies also
suggest this compound being a broad inhibitor of
other cancerous tumors including aneuroectodermal
tumors (such as neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma,
glioblastoma and Ewing’s sarcoma), brain-tumors,
human gliomas, leukemia, human colon carcinoma and
human prostate adenocarcinoma, head and neck
squamous carcinoma cells, lung, colorectal, breast,
and cervical cancer.
One of the most abundant minerals in the human body,
calcium accounts for approximately 1.5% of total
body weight. Bones and teeth house 99% of the
calcium in the body, while the remaining 1% is
distributed in other areas.
Calcium is best known for its role in maintaining
the strength and density of bones. In a process
known as bone mineralization, calcium and phosphorus
join to form calcium phosphate. Calcium phosphate is
a major component of the mineral complex (called
hydroxyapatite) that gives structure and strength to
Calcium also plays a role in many physiological
activities not related to bones including blood
clotting, nerve conduction, muscle contraction,
regulation of enzyme activity, and cell membrane
function. Because these physiological activities are
essential to life, the body utilizes complex
regulatory systems to tightly control the amount of
calcium in the blood so that calcium is available
for these activities. As a result, when dietary
intake of calcium is too low to maintain normal
blood levels of calcium, the body will draw on
calcium stores in the bones to maintain normal blood
concentrations, which, after many years, can lead to
Chloride is one of the most important electrolytes
in the blood. It helps keep the amount of fluid
inside and outside of your cells in balance. It also
helps maintain proper blood volume, blood pressure,
and pH of your body fluids.
Copper is a natural element that is an essential
micronutrient to ensure the well-being of all
aerobic life forms. It plays a vital part in the
development and performance of the human nervous and
cardiovascular systems, as well as the skin, bone,
immune and reproductive systems, including gene
transcription. Copper can also inhibit the growth of
microbes, thus providing a measure of protection
against harmful germs and bacteria in many
environments. Copper has been found useful for its
healing powers—largely due to its antibacterial and
antifungal properties—in the treatment of wounds and
skin diseases. Present in our bodies from
conception, copper helps form a developing infant’s
heart, skeletal and nervous systems, as well as
arteries and blood vessels. Copper continues to play
a vital role as we age – keeping our hair and skin
in good condition while repairing and maintaining
connective tissue in our hearts and arteries. It
also facilitates absorption and utilization of iron
and enables cells to use the energy present in
carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Dietary fiber intake provides many health benefits.
However, average fiber intakes for US children and
adults are less than half of the recommended levels.
Individuals with high intakes of dietary fiber
appear to be at significantly lower risk for
developing coronary heart disease, stroke,
hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and certain
gastrointestinal diseases. Increasing fiber intake
lowers blood pressure and serum cholesterol levels.
Increased intake of soluble fiber improves glycemia
and insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic and diabetic
individuals. Fiber supplementation in obese
individuals significantly enhances weight loss.
Increased fiber intake benefits a number of
gastrointestinal disorders including the following:
gastroesophageal reflux disease, duodenal ulcer,
diverticulitis, constipation, and hemorrhoids.
Prebiotic fibers appear to enhance immune function.
Dietary fiber intake provides similar benefits for
children as for adults.
Enzymes are energized protein molecules found in all
living cells. They catalyze and regulate all
biochemical reactions that occur within the human
body. They are also instrumental in digestion. They
break down proteins, fats, carbohydrates and fiber
making it possible to benefit from the nutrients
found in those foods while removing the toxins.
Enzymes turn the food we eat into energy and unlock
this energy for use in the body. Their presence and
strength can be determined by improved blood and
immune system functions.
Flavonoids are polyphenols abundantly found in
fruits, vegetables, and herbs. They are a diverse
group of phytochemicals, exceeding four thousand in
number. From human nutrition perspective, flavonoids
are important components of a healthy diet because
of their antioxidant activity. Nevertheless, the
antioxidant potency and specific effect of
flavonoids in promoting human health varies
depending on the flavonoid type (chemical, physical,
and structural properties). Among the potent
antioxidant flavonoid types are quercetin, catechins
and xanthohumol. Flavonoid science is a research
area rapidly gaining deeper insight on the health
benefit and chemical property of flavonoids.
Beneficial effects of flavonoids on human health are
partly explained by their antioxidant activity.
Because of the antioxidative property, it is
suggested that flavonoids may delay or prevent the
onset of diseases (such as cancer) induced by free
radicals. They also inhibit low density lipoprotein
(LDL) oxidation by free radicals. Flavonoids have
been reported to have negative correlation with
incidence of coronary heart disease. Furthermore,
flavonoids have anti-bacterial, anti-viral,
anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antiallergenic, and
vasodilatory effect. They also inhibit platelet
Nutritionally, the natural element germanium has
been known to aid in the prevention of cancer and
AIDS. Certain compounds of germanium have toxic
effects against certain bacteria. In its organic
form, germanium is being hailed as one of the
greatest new developments in the nutritional
treatment of cancer. The estimated daily intake for
germanium is 1 mg. Germanium has been reported to
improve the immune system, boost the body's oxygen
supply, make a person feel more energetic, and
destroy damaging free radicals. Germanium also
protects against radiation.
Organic germanium is a biological-response modifier.
This means it enables the body to change its
response to tumors, which has therapeutic benefits.
Germanium does not directly attack cancer cells, but
stimulates the body's immune system, making it
effective in the treatment of cancer as well as
other degenerative diseases.
A number of human cancer trials have been conducted
with organic germanium. A summary of Phase I and
Phase II human clinical trials reveals that orally
administered organic germanium induces interferon
production, restores previously impaired immune
response, and has shown extremely low toxicity.
Inotodiol and trametenolic acid are considered to be
the main bioactive compounds of the fruiting body of
the mushroom. These compounds show various
biological activities, including anti-tumour,
anti-viral, hypoglycaemic, anti-oxidant and
cyto-protective. Inotodiol has shown activity
against influenza (flu) viruses A and B and various
cancer cells. Inotodiols extracted from Chaga
exhibit anti-tumor properties, destroying Walker 256
Carcinosarcoma cancer cells and MCF-7 human
adenocarcinoma mammary cells. Institutional studies
at the University of Tokyo, Japan have determined
the effective destruction of certain cancerous
carcinosarcomas and mammary adenocarcinomas.
Iron is a mineral essential for life. It is present
in every living cell and is necessary for the
production of hemoglobin (primary component of red
blood cells), myoglobin (major protein of muscle
cells), and certain enzymes. Iron, along with
calcium, are the two major deficiencies of American
women (one of the reasons due to menstruation and
bleeding), and this deficiency can cause weakness,
inability to concentrate, the susceptibility to
infection, impaired performance, and in general, ill
health. Other people at risk of iron deficiency
include dieters, vegetarians and athletes. Calcium
and copper must be present for iron to function
properly, and ascorbic acid (vitamin c) enhances
absorption. Iron is necessary for proper
metabolization of B vitamins.
Lanosterols exhibit strong cytotoxicity towards
carcinoma cells. It’s also an anti-bacterial, lowers
cholesterol and reduces candida.
Manganese is a mineral and trace element that plays
many essential roles in the body. It aids in the
metabolism of food, normal functioning of the
nervous system, in the formation of the thyroxine
hormone for the thyroid gland, and in the production
of sex hormones. Manganese works as an antioxidant
to help prevent cancer and heart disease.
Manganese helps activate enzymes needed for use of
biotin, B-1 (thiamin), and vitamin C. It's important
for the formation of thyroxine, the main hormone of
the thyroid gland. Manganese is essential for proper
digestion and the metabolization of proteins.
Manganese also plays an important role in digestion
and utilization of food, reproduction, normal bone
structure, and normal functioning of the central
Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the
body and is essential to good health. Approximately
50% of total body magnesium is found in bone. The
other half is found predominantly inside cells of
body tissues and organs. Only 1% of magnesium is
found in blood, but the body works very hard to keep
blood levels of magnesium constant.
The crucial health benefits of magnesium include
solving or preventing osteoporosis, heart attacks,
hypertension, constipation, migraines, leg cramps,
kidney stones, gallstones and more. Magnesium is an
essential part of the alternative health approaches
of alternative medicine.
Melanin is a natural substance that gives color
(pigment) to hair, skin, and the iris of the eye. It
is produced by cells in the skin called melanocytes.
Melanin also helps protect the skin from the sun.
Increased melanin protects those who have it from
short-term damage from the sun, as well as the
long-term signs of aging, such as age spots, deep
wrinkles and rough texture. Free radicals have been
implicated as the cause of widespread damage to
human cells. Melanin plays a role in free scavenging
radicals and preventing skin damage they can cause.
It affects the delicately designed lipids that hold
moisture in the stratum corneum. This is the
outermost layer of the epidermis. If the skin loses
its moisture, it becomes rigid and cracks.
The health benefits of Vitamin B5 or Pantothenic
Acid include alleviation of conditions like asthma,
hair loss, allergies, stress and anxiety,
respiratory disorders and heart problems. Also, it
helps to improve immunity, osteoarthritis, ageing
signs, resistance to various types of infections,
physical growth, and diabetes and skin disorders.
Vitamin B5 is widely known to be an obstacle to
serious mental states like stress and anxiety. A
customary diet must contain recommended amount of
Vitamin B5 to ensure good health and proper
functioning of each body part. It performs wide
variety of functions in our body, starting from
production of neurotransmitter in brain to
fabrication of steroids to extraction of fats,
proteins and other vital nutrients. In a nutshell,
the essence of Vitamin B5 pats every important
aspect of keeping a good health.
Phenols are compounds found in a wide variety of
foods ranging from Chaga to olive oil to green tea
and almonds. The antioxidant and antibacterial
properties of phenols benefit a wide variety of
diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and
Alzheimer’s Disease. Phenols are thought to be the
primary health benefit of olive oil consumption,
with benefits seen for breast cell health, bone
health, and cholesterol health.
Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in
the body and 85% of it is found in the bones. The
rest of the body's phosphorus is found in the blood,
the fluid around and in cells, and in various organs
like the heart, kidneys, brain, and muscles, where
it is involved in many critical functions. Its main
purpose is for building strong bones and teeth, but
this mineral is used by practically every cell in
Phosphorus is involved in virtually all
physiological chemical reactions in the body, and
calcium and Vitamin D are essential to proper
functioning of the phosphorus. This mineral protects
and strengthens cell membranes, assists other
nutrients, hormones, and chemicals in their bodily
processes, and is necessary for normal bone and
tooth structure. Phosphorus is needed for healthy
nerve impulses, normal kidney functioning, and the
utilization of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins for
growth, maintenance, and repair of cells and for
energy production. Phosphorus is a component of DNA
and RNA and serves in the preparation of glucose for
Apart from the major food principles like protein,
carbohydrates, and fats, large number of food items
we consume consists of invaluable components in them
known as phytonutrients or plant derived chemical
substances. Although their caloric value is
insignificant, inclusion in our diet in adequate
levels is imperative since the potential benefits in
terms of direct contribution to health promotion and
disease prevention are enormous.
Studies have found that certain chemicals other than
nutritional principles in them have anti-mutagenic,
free radical scavenging and immunity boosting
functions, which help promote health and prevent
diseases, over and above their nutritive value.
Phytonutrients are present abundantly in the plant
1. Anti-oxidants 2. Phyto-sterols (plant sterols) 3.
Non-digestible carbohydrates such as tannins,
pectin, cellulose and mucilage 4. Natural acids 5.
Enzymes and lecithin.
Polysaccharides have many chains and must be broken
down into smaller portions before they can be fully
digested. Although polysaccharides are a form of
sugar, many of their food sources rarely taste
Polysaccharides are important in the prevention of
degenerative type diseases. These include
cardiovascular disease and diabetes type 2. Tea
action is related to the poly-phenols and
polysaccharides parts of tea.
Polysaccharides can also act as an anticoagulant. It
reduces the stickiness of platelets making it harder
for them to build up in artery walls. They have
anti-thrombotic effects and blood lipids are
reduced. HDL cholesterol may be raised while LDL
levels are decreased.
Polysaccharides help to regulate immune function
with T and B lymphocyte activation. It promotes
Interferon, a white cell medium and tumor necrosis
Tea polysaccharides have the following effects. They
lower blood pressure and increase coronary artery
capacity. Blood sugar levels are reduced which is a
benefit in treating Diabetics. There is improved
Beta cell function in the pancreas, as well as
anti-diabetic properties. Anti-radiation effects may
be noted, and free radicals can be all but
eliminated. There is anti-viral activity, and it
improves blood reproduction and maintenance.
Potassium, the third most abundant mineral in human
body, is the synonym for health insurer. It contains
the qualities for maintaining a high level of human
well-being and a cheerful lifestyle. There is no way
one should overlook the inclusion of potassium in
routine diet plan. Apart from acting as an
electrolyte, this mineral is required for keeping
heart, brain, kidney, muscle tissues and other
important organs of human body in good condition.
Potassium chloride is the main variety of this
mineral amongst others. It works in association with
sodium to perform a number of critical body tasks.
The health benefits of potassium include stroke,
blood pressure, anxiety and stress, muscular
strength, metabolism, heart and kidney disorders,
water balance, electrolytic functions, nervous
system and other general health benefits of
Saponins are a group of chemicals with
detergent-like properties that plants produce to
help them resist microbial pathogens such as fungi.
Saponins may reduce elevated cholesterol levels by
forming complexes with cholesterol and bile acids,
which prevents them from being absorbed through your
small intestines. The cholesterol and bile complexes
are excreted in the stool, which lowers cholesterol
levels in the blood and liver.
Saponins may decrease your risk of cancer. A 2004
study published in "Journal of Medicinal Food" says
colon, breast, uterine and prostate cancer rates are
lower in countries where inhabitants consume large
amounts of legumes. This may be due to the immune
system modulating effects of saponins that increase
anti-tumor activity in your body. The stimulation of
bile acid secretion in the intestinal tract, and
antioxidant activity may also contribute to a
reduced risk of cancer.
Antioxidants prevent cell damage by protecting
lipids from free radical oxidation reactions.
Saponins prevent oxidation of cholesterol in the
colon, which may also help to reduce colon damage
and the risk of cancer. They also prevent
degeneration of DNA and protect cell proteins from
free radical damage.
Saponins may stimulate the immune system, and
according to the 2004 article referenced earlier,
they are used as adjuvants in vaccines and oral
intakes of saponins have been used to help treat
retroviral infection. They stimulate antibody
production, inhibit viruses, and induce the response
by lymphocytes, which are white blood cells that
Selenium is a trace element found in soil and is
required to maintain good health in trace amounts.
Selenium aids in many of the metabolic pathways and
may help treat prostate cancer; ongoing research is
exploring the relationship between low selenium
levels and coronary heart disease.
Selenium also benefits the skin during healing
following burn injuries. Shampoo with selenium may
alleviate dandruff problems. For skin care,
selenium’s antioxidant properties regenerate
vitamins E and C, thereby decreasing the aging of
Major benefits of selenium have been found to
improve the immune system against bacterial and
viral infections, against cancer cells and herpes
virus, cold sores, and shingles. One of the major
nutritional benefits of selenium is increasing the
HDL cholesterol to LDL cholesterol for a healthy
Sodium occurs naturally in most foods. The most
common form of sodium is sodium chloride, which is
table salt. Sodium is an element that the body needs
to function properly. The body uses sodium to
regulate blood pressure and blood volume. Sodium is
also critical for the functioning of muscles and
Plant sterols and stanols are naturally occurring
substances found in plants. Research has shown that
plant sterols/stanols included with a heart healthy
eating plan may reduce your risk for heart disease.
The sterols/stanols work by blocking the absorption
of cholesterol in the small intestine. This lowers
the low density cholesterol known as the 'bad'
cholesterol (LDL ) by 6-15%, without lowering the
good cholesterol known as the high density
cholesterol ( HDL). Clinical research trials have
documented safety and effectiveness for use by the
entire family. Plant stanols/sterols do not
interfere with cholesterol lowering medications.
Inotodiol and trametenolic acid are considered to be
the main bioactive compounds of the fruiting body of
the mushroom. These compounds show various
biological activities, including anti-tumour,
anti-viral, hypoglycaemic, anti-oxidant and cyto-protective.
A tripeptide is a type of peptide that is formed
when amino acids link together in a specific order.
Each tripeptide contains three different amino
acids. These amino acids are joined by a peptide
bond, which is a chemical bond that occurs between
two molecules. A common tripeptide is
isoleucine-proline-proline, also called the milk
peptide, which is responsible for keeping blood
pressure low and stable.
The main function of tripeptides is cell
communication. They also contribute to body
functions such as blood pressure regulation and
thyroid function. As tripeptides age, however,
communication signals may start to deteriorate,
which can cause signs of aging and other health
Another type of tripeptide is glutathione which is
an anti-oxidant that can be critical in protecting
healthy cells from free radicals in the body. Free
radicals can cause cell damage that is linked to the
development of cancer cells. Thyrotropin-releasing
hormone (TRH) is a tripeptide responsible for
regulating the release of hormones in the thyroid.
Tripeptides have become popular with cosmetic
companies who are creating anti-aging products.
Since the body uses tripeptides for communication,
anti-aging proponents believe that topical forms of
tripeptides can boost skin function and reverse
damage to the skin. This essentially gives cells
back their youth and prevents improper cell
communication in the skin. Anti-aging product
manufactures claim that tripetides used in these
products improve the skin’s appearance, making it
smooth and soft.
Tripeptide-3 and tripeptide-1 are the common
ingredients used in these products, and are believed
to stimulate skin cells and produce more collagen.
Due to the fact that tripeptides usually are not
cheap to produce, consumers typically can expect to
pay larger sums for products with these active
Triterpenes are found in all living organisms:
plants, animals, humans. Triterpenes are precursors
to steroids – in order to produce steroids, the
organism, whether plant or animal produces
triterpenes. Naturally occurring precursors to
steroids and naturally occurring steroids are the
plant and animal worlds’ way of managing
inflammation, safely and naturally. Triterpenes
belong to a large group of compounds arranged in a
four or five ring configuration of 30 carbons with
several oxygens attached. Triterpenes are assembled
from a C5 isoprene unit through the cytosolic
mevalonate pathway to make a C30 compound and are
steroidal in nature. Cholesterol is one example of a
triterpene. Phytosterols and phytoecdysteroids are
also triterpenes. The triterpenes are subdivided
into some 20 groups, depending on their particular
structures. Though all terpenoid compounds have
bioactivity in mammals, it is the triterpenes that
are most important to the adaptogenic effect found
in plants such as Chaga, ginseng or Eleutherococcus
Triterpenoid saponins are triterpenes which belong
to the group of saponin compounds.
Triterpenoids Display Single Agent Anti-tumor
Activity in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Chronic
Lymphocytic Leukemia and Small B Cell Lymphoma.
Vanillic acid is a benzoic acid derivative used as a
flavoring agent. It is an oxidized form of vanillin
produced during the conversion of vanillin to
ferulic acid. The highest quantity of vanillic acid
in plants has been found in the roots of Angelica
sinensis, which is used in traditional Chinese
medicine. Various studies have provided evidence of
the effectiveness of vanillic acid in the management
of immune or inflammatory responses. For instance,
vanillic acid enhanced the activity of human
lymphocyte proliferation and secretion of
interferon-gamma in human peripheral blood
mononuclear cells. Another study has shown that
vanillic acid has a hepatoprotective effect through
its suppressive action on immune-mediated liver
inflammation in concanavalin A-induced liver injury.
However, it remains to be determined whether
vanillic acid has an anti-colitic effect.
A study on was done to determine whether vanillic
acid has beneficial effects against dextran sulfate
sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis. The results
showed that vanillic acid reduced the severity of
the clinical signs of DSS-induced colitis, including
weight loss and shortening of colon length, and the
disease activity index. The results of this study
showed that vanillic acid significantly suppressed
the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and the
activation of transcription nuclear factor-B p65 in
DSS treated colon tissues. In addition, we observed
that the plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-6 were
higher in the DSS-treated group than in the control
group, but these increased levels were reduced by
the administration of vanillic acid. Taken together,
these findings suggest that vanillic acid has a
beneficial effect on DSS-induced ulcerative colitis,
thereby indicating its usefulness in the regulation
of chronic intestinal inflammation.
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) is a vitamin that is required
by your body to turn carbohydrates into a form of
energy usable within your cells.
Thiamine is also used for digestive problems
including poor appetite, ulcerative colitis, and
Thiamine is also used for AIDS and boosting the
immune system, diabetic pain, heart disease,
alcoholism, aging, a type of brain damage called
cerebellar syndrome, canker sores, vision problems
such as cataracts and glaucoma, motion sickness, and
improving athletic performance. Other uses include
preventing cervical cancer and progression of kidney
disease in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Some people use thiamine for maintaining a positive
mental attitude; enhancing learning abilities;
increasing energy; fighting stress; and preventing
memory loss, including Alzheimer's disease.
Healthcare providers give thiamine shots for a
memory disorder called Wernicke's encephalopathy
syndrome, other thiamine deficiency syndromes in
critically ill people, alcohol withdrawal, and coma.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) is manufactured in the body
by the intestinal flora and is easily absorbed,
although very small quantities are stored, so there
is a constant need for this vitamin. It is required
by the body to use oxygen and the metabolism of
amino acids, fatty acids, and carbohydrates.
Riboflavin is further needed to activate vitamin B6
(pyridoxine), helps to create niacin and assists the
adrenal gland. It may be used for red blood cell
formation, antibody production, cell respiration,
and growth. Riboflavin is used for preventing low
levels of riboflavin (riboflavin deficiency),
cervical cancer, and migraineheadaches. It is also
used for treating riboflavin deficiency, acne,
muscle cramps, burning feet syndrome, carpal tunnel
syndrome, and blood disorders such as congenital
methemoglobinemia and red blood cell aplasia. Some
people use riboflavin for eye conditions including
eye fatigue, cataracts, and glaucoma.
Other uses include increasing energy levels;
boosting immune system function; maintaining healthy
hair, skin, mucous membranes, and nails; slowing
aging; boosting athletic performance; promoting
healthy reproductive function; canker sores; memory
loss, including Alzheimer's disease; ulcers; burns;
alcoholism; liver disease; sickle cellanemia; and
treating lactic acidosis brought on by treatment
with a class of AIDS medications called NRTI drugs.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
Niacin also called nicotinic acid, niacinamide or
nicotinic acid and referred to as vitamin B 3, which
can be manufactured by the body. Niacin is derived
from two compounds - nicotinic acid and niacinamide.
Vitamin B3 is required for cell respiration, helps
in the release of energy and metabolism of
carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, proper
circulation and healthy skin, functioning of the
nervous system, and normal secretion of bile and
stomach fluids. It is used in the synthesis of sex
hormones, treating schizophrenia and other mental
illnesses, and a memory-enhancer.
Vitamin D2 (Ergosterol)
Ergosterol is a biological precursor (a provitamin)
to vitamin D2. It is turned into viosterol by
ultraviolet light, and is then converted into
ergocalciferol, a form of vitamin D also known as D2
or D2. For this reason, when yeast (such as
brewer's yeast) and fungi (such as mushrooms), are
exposed to ultraviolet light, significant amounts of
vitamin D2 are produced.
Because ergosterol is present in cell membranes of
fungi yet absent in those of animals, it is a useful
target for antifungal drugs. Ergosterol is also
present in the cell membranes of some protists, such
as trypanosomes. The three major human diseases
caused by trypanosomatids are; African
trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness, caused by
Trypanosoma brucei), South American trypanosomiasis
(Chagas Disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi), and
leishmaniasis (a set of trypanosomal diseases caused
by various species of Leishmania). This is the basis
for the use of some antifungals against West African
Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, so your body
stores it in fat tissue and the liver. What can
high-vitamin K foods do for you?
• Allow your blood to clot normally • Help protect
your bones from fracture • Help prevent
postmenopausal bone loss • Help prevent
calcification of your arteries • Provide possible
protection against liver and prostate cancer
Zinc is a metal. It is called an “essential trace
element” because very small amounts of zinc are
necessary for human health.
Zinc is used for treatment and prevention of zinc
deficiency and its consequences, including stunted
growth and acute diarrhea in children, and slow
It is also used for boosting the immune system,
treating the common cold and recurrent ear
infections, and preventing lower respiratory
infections. It is also used for malaria and other
diseases caused by parasites.
Some people use zinc for an eye disease called
macular degeneration, for night blindness, and for
cataracts. It is also used for asthma; diabetes;
high blood pressure; acquired immunodeficiency
syndrome (AIDS); and skin conditions such as
psoriasis, eczema, and acne.
Other uses include treating attention
deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), blunted sense
of taste (hypogeusia), ringing in the ears
(tinnitus), severe head injuries, Crohn’s disease,
Alzheimer’s disease, Down syndrome, Hansen’s
disease, ulcerative colitis, peptic ulcers and
promoting weight gain in people with eating
disorders such as anorexia nervosa.
Some people use zinc for benign prostatic
hyperplasia (BPH), male infertility, erectile
dysfunction (ED), weak bones (osteoporosis),
rheumatoid arthritis, and muscle cramps associated
with liver disease. It is also used for sickle cell
disease and inherited disorders such as
acrodermatitis enteropathica, thalassemia, and
Some athletes use zinc for improving athletic
performance and strength.
Zinc is also applied to the skin for treating acne,
aging skin, herpes simplex infections, and to speed
The following are purported uses of the Chaga
• Bacterial Diseases
• Blood Pressure High (Hypertension)
• Blood Pressure Low (Hypotension)
• Blood Purification
• Candidiasis (yeast)
• Crohn’s Disease (CD)
• Fungal Growth
• Heart Disease
• Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
• Immune Support / Enhancer
• Intestinal Worms
• Kidney Tonic
• Lower Cholesterol
• Liver / Hepatitis
• Pain Relief
• Parotid gland
• Pulmonary Diseases
• Skin Ailments
• Stomach Ailments
• Stomach Disease
• Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
Chaga Mountain Inc, is registered with the FDA as
a food facility, registration #14642599378, as
required by 21 CFR Part 1, Subpart H, and the Public
Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and
Response Act of 2002. The FDA Registration of Food